Stronger Turbine Blades with Molybdenum Silicides
Researchers at Kyoto University have found that molybdenum silicides can improve the efficiency of turbine blades in ultrahigh-temperature combustion systems.
Tsukuba, Japan, Sep, 24 2016 - (ACN Newswire) - Gas turbines are the engines that generate electricity in power plants. The operating temperatures of their combustion systems can exceed 1600 degrees Celsius. The nickel-based turbine blades used in these systems melt at temperatures 200 degrees Celsius lower and thus require air-cooling to function. Turbine blades made out of materials with higher melting temperatures would require less fuel consumption and lead to lower CO2 emissions.
|Electron micrographs of directionally solidified (DS) ingots of binary composites; Temperature dependence of yield stress of DS MoSi2/Mo5Si3 eutectic composites and some high-temperature materials. (c) 2016 Hirotaka Matsunoshita, Yuta Sasai, Kosuke Fujiwara, Kyosuke Kishida and Haruyuki Inui.|
Materials scientists at Japan's Kyoto University investigated the properties of various compositions of molybdenum silicides, with and without additional ternary elements.
Previous research showed that fabricating molybdenum silicide-based composites by pressing and heating their powders - known as powder metallurgy - improved their resistance to fracturing at ambient temperatures but lowered their high-temperature strength, due to the development of silicon dioxide layers within the material.
The Kyoto University team fabricated their molybdenum silicide-based materials using a method known as "directional solidification," in which molten metal progressively solidifies in a certain direction.
The team found that a homogeneous material could be formed by controlling the solidification rate of the molybdenum silicide-based composite during fabrication and by adjusting the amount of the ternary element added to the composite.
The resulting material starts deforming plastically under uniaxial compression above 1000 degrees Celsius. Also, the material's high-temperature strength increases through microstructure refinement. Adding tantalum to the composite is more effective than adding vanadium, niobium or tungsten for improving the strength of the material at temperatures around 1400 degrees Celsius. The alloys fabricated by the Kyoto University team are much stronger at high temperatures than modern nickel-based superalloys as well as recently developed ultrahigh-temperature structural materials, the researchers report in their study published in the journal Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.
For further information please contact:
Hirotaka Matsunoshita, Yuta Sasai, Kosuke Fujiwara, Kyosuke Kishida and Haruyuki Inui*: Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan, Hirotaka Matsunoshita, Kyosuke Kishida and Haruyuki Inui are also at the Center for Elements Strategy Initiative for Structural Materials (ESISM), Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan. *E-mail: [email protected]
"Plastic deformation of directionally-solidified ingots of binary and some ternary MoSi2/Mo5Si3 eutectic composites", Hirotaka Matsunoshita, Yuta Sasai, Kosuke Fujiwara, Kyosuke Kishida and Haruyuki Inui: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials Vol. 17 (2016) p.1218248.
Accepted author version posted online: 28 Jul 2016, http://tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14686996.2016.1218248
Published online: 23 Sep 2016, http://tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14686996.2016.1218248
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials (STAM) is the leading open access, international journal for outstanding research articles across all aspects of materials science. Our audience is the international materials community across the disciplines of materials science, physics, chemistry, biology as well as engineering.
The journal covers a broad spectrum of materials science research including functional materials, synthesis and processing, theoretical analyses, characterization and properties of materials. Emphasis is placed on the interdisciplinary nature of materials science and issues at the forefront of the field, such as energy and environmental issues, and medical and bioengineering applications. http://tandfonline.com/loi/tsta20/current.
For more information about the journal:
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Email: [email protected]
Press release distributed by ResearchSEA for Science and Technology of Advanced Materials.
Source: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Sectors: Design Process, Nanotechnology, Science & Research, Energy
Copyright ©2020 ACN Newswire. All rights reserved. A division of Asia Corporate News Network.
Latest Press Release
More Latest Release >>
Honda to Make Changes to its Organizational and Operational Structures (effective April 1, 2020)
Feb 18, 2020 16:07 JST
Honda Establishes a New Company, Honda Mobility Solutions Co., Ltd., Responsible for Mobility Service (MaaS) Business in Japan
Feb 18, 2020 15:32 JST
Fujitsu Granted Japan's First Private 5G License
Feb 18, 2020 14:53 JST
2020 Kicks Off in Texas for TOYOTA GAZOO Racing
Feb 17, 2020 19:59 JST
NEC and Cisco to Provide Network Equipment with Enhanced Supply Chain Management
Feb 17, 2020 15:09 JST
Evans Wins, Rovanpera on the Podium with Stunning Drives in the Toyota Yaris WRC
Feb 17, 2020 09:14 JST
MHI: Charter of Trust Partners Decide on Further Measures for More Cybersecurity
Feb 14, 2020 16:52 JST
Toyota Mobility Foundation Introduces Global Next-Gen Urban Development & Traffic Management Challenge with MDEC
Feb 13, 2020 17:19 JST
SDK Announces 2019 Consolidated Financial Results
Feb 13, 2020 17:00 JST
SDK to Change Part of its Articles of Incorporation
Feb 13, 2020 17:00 JST
SDK Announces Partial Amendment to Earlier News Release on "Changes in Representative Director and Other Members of Management"
Feb 13, 2020 17:00 JST
SDK Records Impairment Loss (Extraordinary Loss)
Feb 13, 2020 17:00 JST
MHPS Signs Agreement with U.S. Firm KBR to Expand Sales of SDA Pitch-fired Power Plants
Feb 13, 2020 16:59 JST
Honda to Begin Sales of All-new Fit in Japan
Feb 13, 2020 16:21 JST
NEC and Mavenir Collaborate to Deliver 5G Open vRAN Solution
Feb 13, 2020 09:20 JST
Honda Aircraft Company's Debut of HondaJet Elite at Singapore Airshow 2020
Feb 12, 2020 18:26 JST
SDK Develops AI-Based Image Analysis System to Improve Spherical Alumina Production
Feb 12, 2020 12:30 JST
Fujitsu's AI Image Analysis Solution Measure and Evaluate Digital Signage User Experience, Vitalize Cities
Feb 12, 2020 11:52 JST
MHI Ships its 1000th Boeing 787 Dreamliner Composite-Material Wing Box
Feb 10, 2020 18:04 JST
Government of Bihar and NEC Partner to Provide Preventive Health Check Services
Feb 10, 2020 18:03 JST